Living and working in Lithuania

Living and working in Lithuania

The EURES advisers of Lithuania are ready to provide information and advice at any stage of your job search and moving process. With specialised expertise in the practical, legal and administrative aspects of European labour mobility, they can:

Finding a job in Lithuania

Member States nationals and their family members intending to work in Lithuania under an employment contract do not need to obtain a work permit. They can take part in recruitment procedures and find jobs under the same conditions as Lithuanian nationals.

According to the data provided by the Lithuanian Employment Services, the most in-demand specialties in the country are the following:

The most comprehensive database for jobs and related services in Lithuania is available at Lithuanian Employment Services database www.uzt.lt. We also recommend other useful links for the job search on the internet: www.cv.lt, www.cvonline.lt, www.cvmarket.ltwww.cvbankas.lt, www.afr.lt.

Working conditions

Employment in Lithuania requires formal employment contract. Employment contract usually includes:

In every employment contract, the parties must agree on the conditions of remuneration for work (system of remuneration for work, amount of wages, payment procedure, etc.). Other conditions of an employment contract may be established by the agreement between the parties unless labour laws, other regulatory acts or the collective agreement prohibit doing so (trial, combination of professions, liability, etc.).

Working time

In Lithuania, working time cannot exceed 40 hours per week.  Working hours should not exceed 8 hours per day. The maximum number of working hours over seven days, including overtime, should not exceed 48 hours (which may be extended up to 60 hours per week for employees working under more than one work contract) and 12 working hours per day. A five-day working week is standard, but it may be extended to a six-day working week. Overtime must not exceed 12 hours in seven consecutive days and 180 hours per year. For certain categories of workers, including doctors, nurses, carers, workers in children’s homes, energy and other services who are on duty without a break, working hours can be up to 24 hours a day and the time off between working days cannot be shorter than 24 hours. For workers whose job involves significant mental or emotional stress, the procedure for the shortening of working time is determined by the Government.

Social security

The social insurance system is based on the pay-as-you-go principle. The employer’s and employee's contributions are calculated as a percentage of the salary paid to the employee. Persons employed under employment contracts are covered by State mandatory social insurance.

Individuals covered by the sickness and maternity social insurance are entitled to receive sickness benefit. The sickness benefit for the first 2 calendar days of sickness overlapping with the work schedule of an employee (except for the benefit for nursing a family member) is covered by the employer. The sickness benefit covered by the employer may not be lower than 80% and higher than 100% of the average salary. From the third day sickness benefit equal to 80% of the reimbursed salary and is paid from the State Social Insurance Fund Budget.

The hourly rate and monthly salary paid to the employee cannot be lower than the minimum hourly rate and the minimum monthly salary set by the Government of the Republic of Lithuania. The minimum salary can be paid only to non-qualified employees and qualified employees have to be offered higher salary.

Tips for moving to Lithuania: Before you go

Upon arrival in Lithuania, make sure you have the following:

Prior to arrival in Lithuania, it is recommended:

Firsts steps in Lithuania

1. Obtain a certificate to confirm the right to reside in the Republic of Lithuania if you are planning to stay in Lithuania for longer than three months within a six-month period

2. Ensure that you have taken care of the compulsory health insurance

3. Choose a health care institution

4. Contact the Centre for Quality Assessment in Higher Education for academic recognition of foreign qualifications

5. Open a bank account by signing bank account agreement at any bank’s customer service office

More information could be found in the European Job Mobility Portal www.eures.europa.eu

Equal Opportunities

What is Equal Opportunities?

It is the implementation of human rights despite one's gender, race, nationality, language, origin, social status, belief, convictions or views, age, sexual orientation, disability, ethnic origin, religion. Inherent human rights are regulated by international human and civil rights documents and laws of the Republic of Lithuania.

The Constitution of the Republic of Lithuania provides the principle of equality for all people and the inherent right to be treated equally with others. The Office of the Equal Opportunities Ombudsperson is a budgetary institution ensuring implementation of equal opportunities and prevention of discrimination in society. Competence of the Equal Opportunities Ombudsperson:

 Procedure for filing a complaint

Each natural and legal person shall have the right to file a complaint with the Equal Opportunities Ombudsperson concerning a violation of equal rights.The complaints shall be submitted in writing. The complainant or an authorised representative can file a complaint with the Equal Opportunities Ombudsperson by:

Useful inks:

Independent institutions, protecting human rights

Legal acts

Source: Office of the Equal Opportunities Ombudsperson

State Labour Inspectorate information

Mission of the State Labour Inspectorate of the Republic of Lithuania – preservation of life, health and employability of employees as well as prevention of infringements of safeguarding employees guarantees in labour relations.  The main objectives of the SLI activities are:

Complaints and reports

 State Labour Inspectorate (SLI) examines the reports and complaints about possible labour law and occupational safety and health law violations. Individuals may submit requests to come to SLI using the official SLI e-mail address , send them by mail, fax, transfer over the confidence phone. It is also possible to make an individual inquiry to the SLI electronically, which has to be created in a way that the SLI would identify the person and the contents of the inquiry. Individual inquiries submitted electronically are treated in the same way as written inquiries. Answers to the individual inquiries submitted this way are given to the person only to the indicated e-mail address.

At SLI persons are also served over the phone - that is a personal hearing, a clarification of the content of the request, providing information on issues concerning the procedure of resolving the question, providing names, phone number and consultation (reception) hours of the employees competent to investigate and resolve the the questions. Person's service phone number (+370 5) 213 9772.

 E-inquiry

Example of written inquiry

 Contacts:

 State labour inspectorate of the Republic of Lithuania

19 Algirdo str. LT-03607 Vilnius Lithuania Phone: +370 5 265 0193 Fax: +370 5 213 9751 E-mail: 

Links:

Legal acts

Do you have a question? Please contact us by e- mail

 

ESF

Phone 1883 or (+370) 5 250 0883

Fax.: (+370) 236 0788, (+370) 274 5883

Email: